Die Apostolische Nachfolge

von Martin Wolters

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The Church in the People's Republic of China

The history of the catholic church in China reaches back to the year 1307, when Khanbaliq archdiocese, today's Beijing, was erected. After the diocese's falldown in 1483 it lasted up to 1690 respective 1660, that Portugal established the dioceses of Peking and Nanking. From 1840 onwards the Holy See founded apostolic vicariates in Tibet and in Mongolia. To contain Portugal's influence, Pius IX abolished Peking as well as Nanking diocese in 1856 and substituted them with an increasing number of apostolic vicariates, which were administered by missionaries of numerous religious orders and many different home countries. It lasted up to Pius XII on April 11, 1946, to establish the regular hierarchy by rising the vicariates to dioceses.

In the 1920s the first contemporary Chinese born bishops were consecrated, and Thomas Tian Gengxin became the first Chinese cardinal in the consistory of 1946, but the church remained under the overwhelming influence of external missionaries. After proclaiming the People's Republic of China in 1949, missionary activities were forbidden; external members of religious orders were - often after several years of imprisonment - deported, and also the Chinese born clergy often was not able to obey the pastoral duties.

Therefore, in fact most dioceses and apostolic prefectures became vacant. In 1951, Anton Pott, S. V. D., of Xinyang was the last missionary bishop to be appointed, but he never was able to be consecrated and left for Taiwan. In 1952, Pius XII elected with Joseph Wang Cizhang, O. F. M., of Hengyang the last official bishop possible, while Humilis Yang Guang-qi of Yuci, who was appointed in 1955, was not able to be consecrated any more.

Because of this desperate situation, which was intensified by the fact the government forbid the few remaing Chinese bishops, who were able to do their restricted service, any contact to "foreign powers", i. e. the Vatican, some of them decided to consecrate new bishops without approval of the Holy See to allow a religious survival. With Li De-hua on March 7, 1958, a long consecration line without papal mandate started. Archbishop Pi Shu-shi, who consecrated at least twenty-six prelates, was considered excommunicated therefore for several years.

These consecrations ended in 1963 due to increasing governmental pressure. Free religious life diminished completely during the years of cultural revolution from 1966 up to Mao's death in 1976, and a lot of bishops, priests and lay people were imprisoned or lost their life.

Michael Fu Tie-shan, first Bishop after the Cultural Revolution

Very remarkable therefore was the first consecration which took place in Beijing in 1979. Against the Holy See's sharp protests, Michael Fu Tien-shan became bishop by Michael Yang Gao-jian and got in charge for Beijing Diocese. At the same time the Church started to become organized by the Patriotic Association. To lay down the hierarchical status, from then onwards there were no archbishops or ecclesiastical provinces any more, but equal bishops chosen by people and priests. On the other hand stood catholics loyal to Rome, who were led by their own, clandestine consecrated bishops. Therefore, soon several dioceses had two reigning bishops at the same time; often the decision whether "patriotic" or "Roman" is impossible, because some bishops changed the sides or, more often in the most recent time, bishops were recognized by both parties.

A first, onesided attempt of reconciliazation took place in 1981, when St. John Paul II elected titular bishop and Apostolic Administrator of Guangzhou, Dominic Deng Yiming, S. I., who was in charge since 1950 and imprisoned for long years, as regular Archbishop of Guangzhou - the very first appointment after nearly thirty years. This step had as consequence the total negation of Deng by the patriotic movement which up to then had appreciated him deeply. He was not able to take over his office and had to go in Hong Kong exile.

 

Anthony Li Duan, Archbishop of Xi'an, one of the Delegates to the Bishops Synod 2005

The following bishop's consecrations took place since 1958; details about the first two ones are not known:

00.00.0000    Shi Guangdong, by N. N.

00.00.0000    Wang Feili, by N. N.

00.00.1958    Paul Xi Minhuan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

00.00.1958    Joseph Zhou Yi-zhai, by Dong Wen-long

13.04.1958    Bernardin Dong Guangqing, by Joseph Li Daonan

13.04.1958    Marc Yuan Wen-hua, by Joseph Li Taonan

20.04.1958    Stanislav Chang Sou-yi, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

20.04.1958    Lan Bo-lu, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

20.04.1958    Pan Shao-qing, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

20.04.1958    Lucas Wang Shou-qian, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

01.06.1958    Dong Wen-long, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

01.06.1958    Henry Jia Fu-shan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

01.06.1958    Charles Li Ming-yuan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

01.06.1958    Joseph Zhong Huai-de, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

15.06.1958    Chen Yuencai, by Francis Yi Xuan-hua

15.06.1958    Paul Kong Ling-zhong, by Francis Yi Xuan-hua (?)

22.06.1958    Zhao You-min, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

06.07.1958    John Li Xi-ting, by Matthew Duan Yinmin (?)

20.07.1958    John Wang Qi-wei, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

09.10.1958    Chen Du-qing, by John Wang Qi-wei

09.10.1958    Hu Qin-ming, by John Wang Qi-wei

09.10.1958    Huang Shu, by John Wang Qi-wei

26.10.1958    Tarcisius Guo Ze-qian, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.10.1958    James Li Shu-ren, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.10.1958    Louis Li Zhen-lin, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.10.1958    Xiong De-lian, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.10.1958    Michael Yang Gao-jian, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

00.00.1959    Wang Ju-guang, by Mathew Duan Yinmin

26.03.1959    John Li Sheng-xue, by Joseph Li Boyu

26.05.1959    (?) Peter Wang Rui-huan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

31.05.1959    Mathew Wang Wei-ming, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

01.07.1959    (?) Joseph Yao Guang-yu, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.07.1959    Anthony Tu Shi-hua, by Joseph Li Daonan

15.08.1959    Paul Francis Zhang Ming-qian, by Bernardin Dong Guang-qing

15.11.1959    John Li Wei-guang, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

15.11.1959    Thomas Qian Yurong, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

15.11.1959    Shen Chu-ming, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

15.11.1959    Matthew Yu Cheng-cai, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

00.00.1960    Zhou Qingyun, by N. N.

26.04.1960    Fang Zhigang, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.04.1960    Shu Qi-shui, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.04.1960    Matthew Wu Guo-huan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

26.04.1960    Louis Zhang Jia-shu, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

30.04.1960    Zhang Ri-jin, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

00.05.1960    Nicholas Shi Lunguo, by Dong Wen-long

21.01.1962    Anthony Gao Yong, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    Stephan He Chunming, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    Li De-hua, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    Joseph Lin Quan, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    Andrew Liu An-zhi, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    John Xia Xue-qian, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

21.01.1962    Joseph Ye Yin-yun, by Ignatius Pi Shu-shi

31.03.1963    Shi Ming-liang, by Paul Deng Jizhou

07.04.1963    Fan Dao-jiang, by John Li Xi-Ting

14.05.1963    Paul Li De-pei, by Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng

21.12.1979    Michael Fu Tie-shan, by Michael Yang Gao-jian

00.00.1980    (?) Thomas Min Doumu, by Julius Jia Zhiguo (?)

25.04.1980    Lucas Li Jingfeng, by Anthony Zhou Wei-dao

19.12.1980    Julius Jia Zhiguo, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

00.00.1981    Joseph Jin Dechen, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

21.01.1981    Casimir Wang Milu, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

20.04.1981    Paul Zhang Chengguo, by N. N.

16.06.1981    Francis Zhou Shanfu, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

24.07.1981    Matthew Ma Long-lin, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

24.07.1981    Joseph Qian Hui-min, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

24.07.1981    Lawrence Zhang Wen-bin, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

24.07.1981    Augustine Zhao Jingnong, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

24.07.1981    Paul Zu Zhenjiang, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

27.09.1981    John Cai Ti-yuan, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

27.09.1981    Peter Paul Li Panshi, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

19.10.1981    Lucas Thomas Zhang Huaixin, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

10.12.1981    Bartholomew Yu Chengti, by Casimir Wang Milu

18.12.1981    John Ji Huairang, by Francis Zhong Huai-de

2...12.1981    Peter Fan Wenxing, by Chang Shou-yi

21.12.1981    Paul John Liu Jinghe, by Stanislav Chang Shou-yi

21.12.1981    Simon Liu Zhong-yu, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

00.00.1982    John Qu Jingfeng, by N. N.

11.01.1982    Stanislaus Min Xilian, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

25.01.1982    Paul Fan Yufei, by Anthony Zhou Weidao

12.02.1982    Joseph Sun Yuanmo, by Francis Han Tingbi

17.02.1982    Paul Song Wei-li, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

02.03.1982    Matthew Lu Zhengshen, by Bartholomew Yu Chengti

20.04.1982    Peter Chen Jianzhang, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

06.05.1982    Andrew Han Jindao, by N. N.

18.05.1982    Paul Liu Shuhe, by Francis Xavier Zhou Shanfu

15.06.1982    Joseph Stephen Li Side, by Paul Liu Shuhe

15.06.1982    Melchior Shi Hongzhen, by Paul Liu Shuhe

24.06.1982    Cosmas Shi Enxiang, by Francis Xavier Zhou Shanfu

21.07.1982    Anthony Li Weidao, by Francis Han Ting-pi

25.07.1982    Peter Liu Guandong, by Francis Zhou Shanfu

11.08.1982    Joseph Shi Hongzhen, by Joseph Li Side

23.09.1982    Augustin Zheng Shouduo, by Francis Han Tingbi

06.10.1982    John Liu Dinghan, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

10.10.1982    Roch Liu Dian-chi, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

18.12.1982    Benedict Bonaventure Zhangxin, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

30.12.1982    Michael Xiao Liren, by Casimir Wang Milu

00.00.1983    John Liu Dinghan, sub conditione by Stephen Li Side

09.03.1983    Raymond Wang Chong Lin, by Casimir Wang Milu

16.03.1983    Stephen Li Xinzheng, by Casimir Wang Milu

08.04.1983    Paul Li Zhenrong, by Casimir Wang Milu

08.11.1983    Joseph Ma Zhongmu, by Casimir Wang Milu

00.00.1984    Joseph Zhu Yousan, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

18.01.1984    Odoric Victor Liu Hede, by Stephen Li Xinzheng (?)

18.01.1984    Anthony Yang Shao-huai, by Stephen Li Xinzheng

25.01.1984    James Xie Shiguang, by Stephen Li Xinzheng

24.03.1984    Joseph Meng Ziwen, by Matthew Lu Zhengshen

00.06.1984    John Baptist Ye Yishi, by James Xie Shiguang

27.07.1984    Joseph Li Congzhe, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

14.09.1984    Andrew Hao Jinli, by Melchior Zhang Kexin (?)

09.01.1985    Vincent Huang Shoucheng, by Paul Liu Shuhe

27.01.1985    Aloysius Jin Luxian, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

27.01.1985    Stephen Li Side, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

26.02.1985    Joseph Fan Zhongliang, by Matthew Lu Zhen Sheng

14.06.1985    John Chen Shizhong, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

22.09.1985    John Li Xue-song, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

03.03.1986    Peter Zhang Bairen, by Matthew Lu Zhensheng

29.04.1986    Peter Chen Bolu, by Francis Han Tingbi

30.11.1986    Joseph Huang Zi-yu, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

30.11.1986    Louis Yu Runshen, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

30.11.1986    Peter Zhang Shi-zhi, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

30.11.1986    Joseph Zhu Hua-yu, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

00.00.1987    Augustine Hou Daguo, by Peter Fan Xueyan

10.02.1987    John Yang Shudao, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

15.03.1987    Philipp Ma Qi, by Lawrence Zhang Wen-bin

29.03.1987    Paul Shi Chunjie, by Stephen Li Xinzheng

05.04.1987    Anthony Li Duan, by Lawrence Zhang Wen-bin

31.05.1987    Philip Xu Lizhi, by Joseph Zhong Huai-de

09.08.1987    Joseph Zhong Huaide, by Lucas Li Jingfeng

06.09.1987    John Wu Shizhen, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

10.09.1987    Peter Li Hongye, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

08.12.1987    Simon Qu Tian-xi, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

08.12.1987    Anthony Wang Zicheng, by Joseph Zhong huaide

28.03.1988    Matthew Chen Muchen, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

24.04.1988    Samuel Guo Chuanzhen, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

24.04.1988    Paul Han Xi-rang, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

24.04.1988    Joseph Ma Xuesheng, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

24.04.1988    Joseph Sun Zhibin, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

24.04.1988    James Zhao Ziping, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

12.08.1988    Philip Yang Libo, by Julius Jia Zhiguo

16.10.1988    Zhang Hualiang, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

27.11.1988    John Zhou Fengqing, by Aloysius Jin Lu-xian

04.12.1988    Andreas Anicetus Wang Chongyi, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

00.00.1989    Thomas Gao Yuchen, by N. N.

07.05.1989    Anthony Zhong Quanzhang, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

17.05.1989    Paul Guo Wenzhi, by Paul Liu Shuhe

21.05.1989    Paul Jiang Taoran, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

21.05.1989    Pius Jin Peixian, by Joseph Zhong Hiaide

29.06.1989    John Jiang Liren, by Peter Liu Guandong

29.06.1989    Matthew Pei Xiangde, by Peter Liu Guandong

30.06.1989    Joseph Li Bingyao, by Peter Liu Guandong

21.07.1989    Marc Yuan Wen Zai, by Joseph Fan Zhong-Liang

31.07.1989    Michael Huang Woze, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

31.07.1989    Joseph Xu Zhixian, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

30.08.1989    Simon An Shi'en, by Peter Liu Guandong

31.08.1989    John Baptist Liang Xisheng, by Anthony Yang Shao-huai

11.09.1989    Stephen Liu Difen, by N. N.

03.10.1989    (?) Simon Zhang Jiumu, by Peter Liu Guandong

03.10.1989    (?) Philip Peter Zhao Zhendong, by Peter Liu Guandong

08.10.1989    Joseph Hou Guoyang, by Peter Joseph Fan Xueyan

28.10.1989    Joseph Hou Jin-de, by Peter Chen Bolu

14.11.1989    John Han Dingxiang, by Peter Liu Guandong

12.12.1989    Matthias Yu Chengxin, by Paul Li Zhenrong

13.01.1990    Thomas Zeng Jingmu, by James Xie Shiguang

06.05.1990    James Ping Leung Lin, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

08.05.1990    (?) Francis Zhang Feng-zao, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

08.07.1990    Thaddeus Guo Yingong, by Benedict Zhangxin

08.07.1990    Bonaventure Luo Jun, by Benedict Zhangxin

26.08.1990    Louis Liu Huanbo, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

28.10.1990    Francis Xavier Guo Zhengji, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

28.10.1990    Andrew Zhu Wenyu, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

00.11.1989    John Baptist Wang Ruohan, by Paul Li Zhenrong

00.00.1991    Shi Shoujing, by N. N.

22.02.1991    Joseph Su Yuanmo, sub conditione by Francis Han Tingbi

24.02.1991    Joseph Zhen Changcheng, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

05.05.1991    Michael Xie Chaogang, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

08.05.1991    Nicholas Shi Jingxian, by Anthony Li Duan

04.09.1991    John Huo Cheng, by Benedict Zhangxin

11.09.1991    Matthew Gu Zheng, by Li Zhenrong

17.11.1991    Joseph Wang Zhenye, by Anthony Li Duan

25.11.1991    Paul Xie Tingzhe, by Lucas Li Jingfeng

27.11.1991    Joseph Zhang Weizhu, by John Wang Ruohan

08.12.1991    Matthew Pan Deshi, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

24.02.1992    Michael Liu Xianru, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

14.05.1992    John Zhang Qingtian, by Peter Liu Guandong

27.05.1992    Joseph Shi Hongzhen, sub conditione by N. N.

04.10.1992    James David Lin Xili, by Michael Xiao Liren

15.03.1993    Joseph Jin Dechen, sub conditione by Peter Zhang Boren

18.03.1993    Peter Hou Jingwen, by John Liu Dinghan

02.05.1993    Francis An Shuxin, by Peter Liu Guandong

02.05.1993    James Su Zhimin, by Peter Liu Guandong

14.05.1993    Paul Lo Bei Zhan, by Matthew Duan Yinmin

18.05.1993    Thomas Zhao Feng Wu, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

01.08.1993    John Baptist Liu Jingshan, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

03.09.1993    John Gao Kexian, by Joseph Li Bingyao (?)

21.09.1993    Matthew Luo Duxi, by John Chen Shizhong

07.11.1993    Stanislaus Han Daoyi, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

03.12.1993    Benedict Cai Xiufeng, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

07.12.1993    Joseph Liu Yuanren, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

19.03.1994    Francis Tong Hui, by Anthony Li Duan

11.04.1994    (?) Lu Zhiyuan, by N. N.

18.12.1994    Sylvester Li Jiantang, by Benedict Zhangxin

19.03.1995    Joseph Chen Xu, by Andrew Anicetus Wang Chong Yi

19.03.1995    Joseph Zhu Baoyu, by Joseph Jin Dechen

22.06.1995    Joseph Wei Jingyi, by Paul Guo Wenzhi

12.10.1995    John Liu Shigong, by John Baptist Liu Jingshan

17.12.1995    Alphonse Yang Guang Yan, by Anthony Li Duan

06.01.1996    Peter Zhang Zhiyong, by Lucas Li Jingfeng

16.04.1996    Nicholas Han Jide, by Philip Ma Qi

14.05.1996    Josaphat Li Hongguang, by Augustin Zheng Shouduo

28.10.1996    Matthew Chen Xilu, by Peter Fan Wenxing

30.10.1996    (?) Stephen Yang Xiangtai, by Peter Chen Bolu (?)

08.12.1996    Joseph Wang Dianduo, by Nicholas Shi Jingxian

19.03.1997    John Chen Cangbao, by Shi Enxiang

07.05.1997    John Bai Ningxian, by Joseph Zhong Huaide

2...07.1997    John Fang Xing Yao, by Thomas Zhao Feng Wu

24.06.1997    John Baptist Wang Xi Xian, by Anthony Li Duan

13.07.1997    Peter Lin Jiashan, by John Yang Shudao

28.01.1998    Ermenegildus Li Yi, by Anthony Li Weidao

13.06.1998    Anthony Zhong Changfeng, by John Baptist Liang Xicheng

09.05.1999    Damase Zhang Hanmin, by Pius Jin Peixian

14.09.1999    John Baptist Wang Jin, by Sylvester Li Jiantang

28.12.1999    Zhang Tongli, by N. N.

06.01.2000    Peter Fang Jianping, by Joseph Liu Yuanren

06.01.2000    Andrew Jin Daoyuan, by Joseph Liu Yuanren

06.01.2000    Francis Xavier Lu Zinping, by Joseph Liu Yuanren

06.01.2000    John Baptist Su Changshan, by Joseph Liu Yuanren

06.01.2000    Vincent Zhan Silu, by Joseph Liu Yuanren

20.03.2000    Joseph Li Lian Gui, by John Liu Dinghan

07.05.2000    Joseph Zhao Fengchang, by Joseph Ma Xuesheng

14.05.2000    Michael He Jinmin, by Joseph Ma Xuesheng

14.05.2000    Matthew Hu Xiande, by Joseph Ma Xuesheng

25.06.2000    Matthew Cao Xiangde, by Yu Cheng-cai

08.08.2000    Joseph Jiang Mingyuan, by Raymund Wang Chong Lin

13.08.2000    Joseph Li Mingshu, by Joseph Ma Xuesheng

28.11.2000    John Chrisostome Lan Shi, by Lawrence Zhang Wenbin

10.12.2000    John Baptist Ye Ronghua, by Anthony Li Duan

19.02.2002    Leo Yao Liang, by Joseph Wei Jingyi

08.03.2002    Paul Wang Huiyao, by Alphonse Yang Guangyan

12.11.2002    Joseph Tong Changping, by Lawrence Zhang Wengbin

05.01.2003    Joseph Han Zhihai, by Paul Xie Tingzhe

21.01.2003    John Baptist Tan Yanquan, by Pius Jin Peixian

26.09.2003    Joseph Liao Hongqing, by Bernardine Dong Guangqing

14.10.2003    Peter Mao Qingfu, by Peter Li Hongye

14.10.2003    Placidus Pei Ronggui, by Peter Li Hongye

00.00.2004    Joseph Shi Shuang-xi, by N. N.

06.01.2004    Peter Feng Xinmao, by Liu Ding-han

08.02.2004    Paul Ma Cunguo, by Bonaventure Luo Juan

17.02.2004    Thomas Zhao Kexun, by Joseph Wei Jingyi

29.04.2004    Joseph Zhang Xianwang, by James Zhao Zi-ping

07.05.2004    Matthias Du Jiang, by John Liu Shigong

05.07.2004    Paul Ji Zengwei, by Augustine Hu Daguo

19.11.2004    Paul Su Yongda, by John Fang Xing Yao

00.00.2005    Paul Dong Guanhua, by N. N.

01.01.2005    Joseph Gao Hongxiao, by Liang Xisheng

28.06.2005    Joseph Xing Wenzhi, by Aloysius Jin Luxian

26.07.2005    Anthony Dang Mingyan, by Anthony Li Du'an

18.10.2005    Paul He Zeqing, by Joseph Xu Zixhuan

19.10.2005    Joseph Wu Qinjing, by Anthony Li Duan

20.04.2006    Joseph Xu Honggen, by John Fang Xing Yao

30.04.2006    Joseph Ma Yinglin, by Bernardine Dong Guang-qing

03.05.2006    Joseph Liu Xinhong, by John Wu Shizhen

07.05.2006    Paul Pei Junmin, by Pius Jin Peixian

18.09.2006    Peter Zhuang Jianjian, by N. N.

30.11.2006    John Wang Renlei, by Joseph Zhao Fengchang

08.09.2007    Paul Xiao Zejiang, by Andreas Anicetus Wang Chongyi

21.09.2007    Joseph Li Shan, by John Fang Xing Yao

10.11.2007    Peter Shao Zumin, by Vincent Huang Shoucheng

30.11.2007    Francis Lu Shouwang, by Louis Yu Runshen

04.12.2007    Joseph Gan Junqiu, by John Fang Xing Yao

14.12.2007    Peter Jin Lugang, by Joseph Wei Jingyi

21.12.2007    Joseph Li Jing, by John Baptist Liu Jingshan

28.12.2008    Vincent Guo Xijin, by Vincent Huang Shoucheng

10.01.2009    Vincent Zhu Weifang, by Joseph Gao Hongxiao

18.04.2010    Paul Meng Qinglu, by Paul Pei Junmin

21.04.2010    Joseph Shen Bin, by John Fang Xin Yao

08.05.2010    Joseph Cai Bingrui, by John Fang Xin Yao

24.06.2010    Joseph Han Yingjin, by Joseph Tsong Huaide

10.07.2010    Anthony Xu Jiwei, by Joseph Li Ming Shu

15.07.2010    John Baptist Yang Xiaoting, by Louis Yu Runshen

16.09.2010    Paul Meng Ningyu, by Sylvester Li Jiantang

21.09.2010    Peter Wu Junwei, by John Huo Cheng

31.10.2010    John Baptist Li Sugong, by Joseph Li Shan

15.11.2010    Joseph Yang Yongqiang, by John Fang Xing Yao

20.11.2010    Joseph Guo Jincai, by Peter Fang Jianping

00.00.2011    John Wang Ruowang, by N. N.

30.03.2011    Paul Liang Jiansen, by Joseph Gan Junqiu

20.05.2011    John Lu Peisan, by John Fang Xingyao

21.06.2011    Joseph Sun Jigen, by Stephen Yang Xiangtai

29.06.2011    Paul Lei Shiyin, by John Fang Xinyao

14.07.2011    Joseph Huang Binzhang, by John Fang Xingyao

30.11.2011    Peter Luo Xuegang, by John Chen Shi-zhong

19.04.2012    Joseph Chen Gong'ao, by Peter Fang Jianping

25.04.2012    Method Qu Ailin, by Joseph Li Shan

06.07.2012    Joseph Yue Fusheng, by John Fang Xingyao (?)

07.07.2012    Thaddeus Ma Daquin, by Aloysius Jin Luxian

07.04.2013    Auguste Cui Tai, by N. N.

13.02.2014    Peter Li Huiyuan, by N. N.

10.04.2014    John Pei Weizhao, by N. N.

04.08.2015    Joseph Zhang Yinlin, by Thomas Zhang Huaixin

10.11.2016    Peter Ding Lingbin, by Joseph Li Shan

30.11.2016    Joseph Tang Yuange, by John Fang Xingyao

30.11.2016    John Wang Xiaoxun, by John Baptist Yang Xiaoting

02.12.2016    John Lei Jiapei, by John Fang Xingyao

In this survey or in other places of this website there is no difference made regarding obediences or legitimities, for in most cases bishops were not able to make a choice between papal or patriotic direction. Patriotic dioceses and offices were allocated to the official Vatican jurisdictions. Therefore also after 1958 you will find archbishops, but also two or even three bishops for one diocese simultaneously. This is bound to the times' special circumstances.

A special thank to Mr Andreas Brender, M. A., Kirchzarten, who's website www.brender.eu was of special meaning for this survey, as well as to Fr. Jean Charbonnier, M. E. P., and to his compendium Guide To The Catholic Church in China, Singapore 2014. The photos are from the author's archive; copyrights were not ascertainable.

 

Details to other countries:

ALBANIA

BALTIC COUNTRIES

BELARUS

BULGARIA

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

HUNGARY

POLAND

ROMANIA

RUSSIA

UKRAINE

VIETNAM

 

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